Tsarev Il'ya Sergeevich, Postgraduate student, Penza State University (40, Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: email@example.com
Background. At the present stage, the situation of the creative intelligentsia has changed greatly. The constitutional ban of censorship liberated their creativity, the subject of works of art was updated, there were new, courageous plots. A special place among the intelligentsia is occupied by artists who, through their works, help people learn about historical events, their interpretation and form their own opinion about them. In the 1920s–1930s, artists began to unite in professional communities to exchange experiences and creative growth. The state saw in them a certain force by means of which it is possible to bring to the people the ideas, political installations and thus to form mass consciousness. Such an organization was the Association of artists of revolutionary Russia (later the Association of artists of the revolution) (AHRR–AHR). It was this organization that became the most numerous and influential in the 1920s in the USSR. The study of its activities can be useful in modern conditions, when the activity of many creative organizations is reduced. The purpose of this work is to show the activities of AHRR on the example of branches in the Middle Volga region and their impact on the cultural growth of the population.
Materials and methods. Implementation of research tasks was achieved through the use of documents retrieved from the collections of the State archive of literature and art: protocols of the meetings of the Presidium of the Association of Artists of revolutionary Russia (AHRR), puncture of the meetings of the Bureau branches AHRR, meetings Penza and Samara branches of the AHRR and the youth Union of the Association of artists of the revolution (MAHR), etc. The methodology of the article is based on the principles of objectivity, historicism, and value approach traditional for historical research. Methods of comparison, analysis, generalization are used. Of particular importance for the solution of research problems is the theory of constructing a new social reality, in which the artistic intelligentsia appears as an object and at the same time an instrument of state policy for the formation of a new cultural identity, orienting society to the perception of the values of modernism. High cognitive value for this study is the theory of modernization, presented in the historical and cultural context, which is based on the priority of spiritual processes.
Results. The activity of the Association of artists of revolutionary Russia is investigated, the influence of this organization on the culture of the region in the context of all-Russian trends is revealed.
Conclusions. The data obtained as a result of the study explain the policy of the state in relation to the creative associations of artists in the early years of the Soviet power, allow us to trace the cause-and-effect relations in the process of formation of the creative intelligentsia of the new formation, as well as the conditionality of the process of the cultural revolution and the specifics of the Middle Volga region in the period under consideration. The Association of artists of the revolution as an example of successful organization of artists is a colorful demonstration of achieving the goals of the new state. With the help of exhibitions, reports and events, the Association carried out successful activities to involve the population in the cultural process and the formation of a new worldview, a new consciousness of the masses.
creative organizations, artists, cultural revolution, AHR, OMAHR, intelligentsia
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